APOE ε2 resilience for Alzheimer's disease is mediated by plasma lipid species: Analysis of three independent cohort studies.

Tingting Wang; Kevin Huynh; Corey Giles; Natalie A Mellett; Thy Duong; Anh Nguyen; Wei Ling Florence Lim; Alex At Smith; Gavriel Olshansky; Gemma Cadby; Joseph Hung; Jennie Hui; John Beilby; Gerald F Watts; Pratishtha Chatterjee; Ian Martins; Simon M Laws; Ashley I Bush; Christopher C Rowe; Victor L Villemagne; David Ames; Colin L Masters; Kevin Taddei; Vincent Doré; Jürgen Fripp; Matthias Arnold; Gabi Kastenmüller; Kwangsik Nho; Andrew J Saykin; Rebecca Baillie; Xianlin Han; Ralph N Martins; Eric K Moses; Rima Kaddurah-Daouk; Peter J Meikle
Abstract
The apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype is the strongest genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. However, its effect on lipid metabolic pathways, and their mediating effect on disease risk, is poorly understood.We performed lipidomic analysis on three independent cohorts (the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle [AIBL] flagship study, n = 1087; the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative [ADNI] 1 study, n = 819; and the Busselton Health Study [BHS], n = 4384), and we defined associations between APOE ε2 and ε4 and 569 plasma/serum lipid species. Mediation analysis defined the proportion of the treatment effect of the APOE genotype mediated by plasma/serum lipid species.A total of 237 and 104 lipid species were associated with APOE ε2 and ε4, respectively. Of these 68 (ε2) and 24 (ε4) were associated with prevalent Alzheimer's disease. Individual lipid species or lipidomic models of APOE genotypes mediated up to 30% and 10% of APOE ε2 and ε4 treatment effect, respectively.Plasma lipid species mediate the treatment effect of APOE genotypes on Alzheimer's disease and as such represent a potential therapeutic target.
Journal ALZHEIMER'S & DEMENTIA : THE JOURNAL OF THE ALZHEIMER'S ASSOCIATION
ISSN 1552-5279
Published 01 Nov 2022
Volume 18
Issue 11
Pages 2151-2166
DOI 10.1002/alz.12538
Type Journal Article
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