Baker Institute open access repository
This open-access repository is a publically accessible, digital repository of the Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute's research outputs.
Its purpose is to make our research findings available to the widest possible audience.
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Now showing items 1-20 of 2672 records
Sympathetic activation in congestive heart failure: an updated overview.
HEART FAILURE REVIEWS - 12 Dec 2019
Conclusive evidence demonstrates that the sympathetic nervous system activation is a hallmark of congestive heart failure. This has been shown via a variety of biochemical, neurophysiological, and neuroimaging approaches for studying human sympathetic neural function. The sympathetic activation appears to be an early phenomenon in the clinical course of the disease, closely related to its sever...
Sex differences in heart failure.
EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL - 14 Dec 2019
The overall lifetime risk of heart failure (HF) is similar between men and women, however, there are marked sex differences in the landscape of this condition that are both important and under-recognized. Men are predisposed to HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), whereas women predominate in HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Sex differences are also notable in the penetrance o...
Left atrial strain: a multi-modality, multi-vendor comparison study.
EUROPEAN HEART JOURNAL CARDIOVASCULAR IMAGING - 17 Dec 2019
Left atrial (LA) strain is a prognostic biomarker with utility across a spectrum of acute and chronic cardiovascular pathologies. There are limited data on intervendor differences and no data on intermodality differences for LA strain. We sought to compare the intervendor and intermodality differences between transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) derived LA s...
Merkel Cell Carcinoma Update: The Case for Two Tumours.
JOURNAL OF THE EUROPEAN ACADEMY OF DERMATOLOGY AND VENEREOLOGY : JEADV - 19 Dec 2019
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an aggressive tumour with neuroendocrine differentiation. Clinically significant differences within the entity we know as MCC are apparent. This review aims to evaluate the evidence for differences in tumours within Merkel cell carcinoma and to stratify these. A literature search of research pertaining to various characteristics MCC was undertaken from 1972, when ...
Lipoprotein signatures of cholesteryl ester transfer protein and HMG-CoA reductase inhibition.
PLOS BIOLOGY - 20 Dec 2019
Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibition reduces vascular event risk, but confusion surrounds its effects on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Here, we clarify associations of genetic inhibition of CETP on detailed lipoprotein measures and compare those to genetic inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMGCR). We used an allele associated with lower ...
Genomic risk score offers predictive performance comparable to clinical risk factors for ischaemic stroke.
NATURE COMMUNICATIONS - 20 Dec 2019
Recent genome-wide association studies in stroke have enabled the generation of genomic risk scores (GRS) but their predictive power has been modest compared to established stroke risk factors. Here, using a meta-scoring approach, we develop a metaGRS for ischaemic stroke (IS) and analyse this score in the UK Biobank (n = 395,393; 3075 IS events by age 75). The metaGRS hazard ratio for IS (1.26...
Fat for fuel: lipid metabolism in haematopoiesis.
CLINICAL & TRANSLATIONAL IMMUNOLOGY - 01 Jan 2019
The importance of metabolic regulation in the immune system has launched back into the limelight in recent years. Various metabolic pathways have been examined in the context of their contribution to maintaining immune cell homeostasis and function. Moreover, this regulation is also important in the immune cell precursors, where metabolism controls their maintenance and cell fate. This review w...
Amount and Intensity of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Lower Cancer Risk.
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY : OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CLINICAL ONCOLOGY - 26 Dec 2019
To determine whether recommended amounts of leisure-time physical activity (ie, 7.5-15 metabolic equivalent task [MET] hours/week) are associated with lower cancer risk, describe the shape of the dose-response relationship, and explore associations with moderate- and vigorous-intensity physical activity.Data from 9 prospective cohorts with self-reported leisure-time physical activity and follow...
Predictors of the Acute Postprandial Response to Breaking Up Prolonged Sitting.
MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE - 31 Dec 2019
To identify predictors of favourable changes to postprandial insulin and glucose levels in response to interrupting prolonged sitting time with standing or light intensity physical activity.Data were combined from four similarly designed randomised acute cross-over trials (n=129; BMI range 19.6 to 44.6kg/m2; South Asian=31.0%; dysglycaemia=27.1%). Treatments included: prolonged sitting (6.5hour...
Hall Technique crowns and children's masseter muscle activity: a surface-electromyography pilot study.
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PAEDIATRIC DENTISTRY - 01 Jan 2020
Hall technique crowns (HTCs) alter the occlusion temporarily, potentially affecting jaw muscles, particularly the masseter -the primary jaw-closing muscle.To assess masseter muscle activity (MMA) in children treated with a unilateral HTC.In 12 children treated with a single HTC, bilateral MMA was recorded with surface electromyography (sEMG) for ten cycles of Rest-Position (RP) and Maximum-Volu...