Rationale and Design of the Aldose Reductase Inhibition for Stabilization of Exercise Capacity in Heart Failure Trial (ARISE-HF) in Patients with High-Risk Diabetic Cardiomyopathy.

James L Januzzi; Javed Butler; Stefano Del Prato; Justin A Ezekowitz; Nasrien E Ibrahim; Carolyn Sp Lam; Gregory D Lewis; Thomas H Marwick; Julio Rosenstock; Wh Wilson Tang; Faiez Zannad; Francesca Lawson; Riccardo Perfetti; Alessia Urbinati
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DbCM) is a specific form of heart muscle disease that may result in substantial morbidity and mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Hyperactivation of the polyol pathway is one of the primary mechanisms in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, including development of DbCM. There is an unmet need for therapies targeting the underlying metabolic abnormalities that drive this form of Stage B heart failure (HF). Aldose reductase (AR) catalyzes the first and rate-limiting step in the polyol pathway, and AR inhibition has been shown to reduce diabetic complications, including DbCM in animal models and in patients with DbCM. Previous AR inhibitors (ARIs) were limited by poor specificity resulting in unacceptable tolerability and safety profile. AT-001 is a novel investigational highly specific ARI with higher binding affinity and greater selectivity than previously studied ARIs. ARISE-HF (NCT04083339) is an ongoing Phase 3 randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, global clinical study to investigate the efficacy of AT-001 (1000 mg twice daily [BID] and 1500 mg BID) in 675 T2DM patients with DbCM at high risk of progression to overt HF. ARISE-HF assesses the ability of AT-001 to improve or prevent decline in exercise capacity as measured by functional capacity (changes in peak oxygen uptake [peak VO<sub>2</sub>]) over 15 (and possibly 27) months of treatment. Additional endpoints include percentage of patients progressing to overt HF, health status metrics, echocardiographic measurements, and changes in cardiac biomarkers. This report describes the rationale and study design of ARISE-HF.
ISSN 1097-6744
Published 10 Nov 2022
DOI 10.1016/j.ahj.2022.11.003
Type Journal Article