How Dietary Fibre, Acting via the Gut Microbiome, Lowers Blood Pressure.

Chudan Xu; Francine Z Marques
To discuss the interplay behind how a high-fibre diet leads to lower blood pressure (BP) via the gut microbiome.Compelling evidence from meta-analyses support dietary fibre prevents the development of cardiovascular disease and reduces BP. This relation is due to gut microbial metabolites, called short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), derived from fibre fermentation. The SCFAs acetate, propionate and butyrate lower BP in independent hypertensive models. Mechanisms are diverse but still not fully understood-for example, they include G protein-coupled receptors, epigenetics, immune cells, the renin-angiotensin system and vasculature changes. Lack of dietary fibre leads to changes to the gut microbiota that drive an increase in BP. The mechanisms involved are unknown. The intricate interplay between fibre, the gut microbiota and SCFAs may represent novel therapeutic approaches for high BP. Other gut microbiota-derived metabolites, produced when fibre intake is low, may hold potential therapeutic applications. Further translational evidence is needed.
ISSN 1534-3111
Published 01 Nov 2022
Volume 24
Issue 11
Pages 509 521 509-521
DOI 10.1007/s11906-022-01216-2
Type Journal Article | Review