Acute effects of interrupting prolonged sitting on vascular function in type 2 diabetes.

Frances C Taylor; David W Dunstan; Ashleigh R Homer; Paddy C Dempsey; Bronwyn A Kingwell; Rachel E Climie; Neville Owen; Neale D Cohen; Robyn N Larsen; Megan Grace; Nina Eikelis; Michael J Wheeler; Melanie K Townsend; Nirav Maniar; Daniel J Green
In healthy and overweight/obese adults, interrupting prolonged sitting with activity bouts mitigates impairment in vascular function. However, it is unknown whether these benefits extend to those with type 2 diabetes (T2D), nor whether an optimal frequency of activity interruptions exist. We examined the acute effects on vascular function in T2D of interrupting prolonged sitting with simple resistance activities (SRA) at different frequencies. In a randomized crossover trial, 24 adults with T2D (35-70 yr) completed three 7-h conditions: ) uninterrupted sitting (SIT), ) sitting with 3-min bouts of SRA every 30 min (SRA3), and ) sitting with 6 min bouts of SRA every 60 min (SRA6). Femoral artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), resting shear rate, blood flow, and endothelin-1 were measured at 0, 1, 3.5, 4.5, and 6.5-7 h. Mean femoral artery FMD over 7 h was significantly higher in SRA3 (4.1 ± 0.3%) compared with SIT (3.7 ± 0.3%, = 0.04) but not in SRA6. Mean resting femoral shear rate over 7 h was increased significantly for SRA3 (45.3 ± 4.1/s, < 0.001) and SRA6 (46.2 ± 4.1/s, < 0.001) relative to SIT (33.1 ± 4.1/s). Endothelin-1 concentrations were not statistically different between conditions. Interrupting sitting with activity breaks every 30 min, but not 60 min, significantly increased mean femoral artery FMD over 7 h, relative to SIT. Our findings suggest that more frequent and shorter breaks may be more beneficial than longer, less frequent breaks for vascular health in those with T2D. This is the first trial to examine both the effects of interrupting prolonged sitting on vascular function in type 2 diabetes and the effects of the frequency and duration of interruptions. Brief, simple resistance activity bouts every 30 min, but not every 60 min, increased mean femoral artery flow-mediated dilation over 7 h, relative to uninterrupted sitting. With further supporting evidence, these initial findings can have important implications for cardiovascular health in type 2 diabetes.1
ISSN 1522-1539
Published 01 Jan 2021
Volume 320
Issue 1
Pages H393-H403
DOI 10.1152/ajpheart.00422.2020
Type Comparative Study | Journal Article | Randomized Controlled Trial | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Sponsorship NHMRC: 1081734