Impact of Gender on Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Outcomes.

Julia Stehli; Misha Dagan; Sarah Zaman; Ji Quan Samuel Koh; Edward Quine; Natalia Gouskova; Claudia Crawford; Michael Dong; Shane Nanayakkara; Nay M Htun; Dion Stub; Ronald Dick; Antony Walton; Stephen J Duffy
Previous studies indicate that women who underwentwho underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) have poorer 30-day outcomes compared with men. However, the effect of gender as a prognostic factor for long-term outcomes following TAVI remains unclear. Between 2008 and 2018, all patients (n = 683) who underwent TAVI in 2 centres in Melbourne, Australia were prospectively included in a registry. The primary end-point was long-term mortality. The secondary end points were Valve Academic Research Consortium-2 (VARC-2) in-hospital complications and mortality at 30-days and 1-year. Of 683 patients, 328 (48%) were women. Women had a higher mean STS-PROM score (5.2 ± 3.1 vs 4.6 ± 3.5, p < 0.001) but less co-morbidities than men. Women had a significantly higher in-hospital bleeding rates (3.3% vs 1.0%, Odds Ratio 4.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.16 to15.25, p = 0.027) and higher 30-day mortality (2.4% vs 0.3%, hazard ratio [HR] 8.75, 95% CI 1.09 to 69.6, p = 0.040) than men. Other VARC-2 outcomes were similar between genders. Overall mortality rate was 36% (246) over a median follow up of 2.7 (interquartile rang [IQR] 1.7 to 4.2) years. Median time to death was 5.3 (95% CI 4.7 to 5.7) years. One-year mortality was similar between genders (8.3% vs 7.8%), as was long-term mortality (HR = 0.91, 95% CI 0.71 to 1.17, p = 0.38). On multivariable analysis, female gender was an independent predictor for 1-year mortality (HR = 2.33, 95% CI 1.11 to 4.92, p = 0.026), but not long-term mortality (HR = 0.78, 95% CI 0.54 to 1.14, p = 0.20). In the women only cohort, STS-PROM was the only independent predictor of long-term mortality (HR 1.88, 95% CI 1.42 to 2.48, p < 0.001). In conclusion, women had higher rates of peri-procedural major bleeding and 30-day mortality following TAVI. However, long-term outcomes were similar between genders.
ISSN 1879-1913
Published 30 Jul 2020
DOI 10.1016/j.amjcard.2020.07.052
Type Journal Article