Development and validation of a non-invasive assessment tool for screening prevalent undiagnosed diabetes in middle-aged and elderly Chinese.

Jingzhu Wu; Xuhong Hou; Lei Chen; Peizhu Chen; Li Wei; Fusong Jiang; Yuqian Bao; Weiping Jia
To develop a non-invasive assessment tool and compare it to other assessment tools among middle-aged and elderly Shanghainese, 15,309 individuals, who were 45-70 years old, not previously diagnosed with diabetes, and from a cross-sectional survey conducted between April 2013 and August 2014 in Shanghai, were selected into this study. The participants were randomly assigned to either the exploratory group or the validation group. Undiagnosed diabetes was defined according to the American Diabetes Association diagnostic criteria, and score points were generated according to the logistic regression coefficients. Age, family history of diabetes, hypertension, overweight/obesity, and central obesity all contributed to the constructed model, the Shanghai Nicheng diabetes screening score, with the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC) being 0.654 (95% CI 0.637-0.670) in the exploratory group and 0.669 (95% CI 0.653-0.686) in the validation group. The score value of 6 was the optimal cut-point with the largest Youden's index. When applied to the validation group, our model had a similar discriminative ability to the New Chinese Diabetes Risk Score (AUC: 0.669 vs. 0.662, p = 0.187), and performed better than other screening scores for Chinese. However, our model was inferior to fasting plasma glucose, 2-hour plasma glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin in detecting prevalent undiagnosed diabetes (AUC: 0.669 (0.653-0.686) vs. 0.881 (0.868-0.894), 0.934 (0.923-0.944), and 0.834 (0.819-0.848), all p < 0.001). Although non-invasive models, based on demographic and clinical information, are advisable in resource-scarce developing areas, regular blood glucose screening is still necessary among those aged 45 or older.
ISSN 1096-0260
Published 01 Feb 2019
Volume 119
Pages 145-152
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.12.025
Type Journal Article