Renal nerves contribute to hypertension in Schlager BPH/2J mice.

Cindy Gueguen; Kristy L Jackson; Francine Z Marques; Nina Eikelis; Sarah Phillips; Emily R Stevenson; Fadi J Charchar; Gavin W Lambert; Pamela J Davern; Geoffrey A Head
Abstract
Schlager mice (BPH/2J) are hypertensive due to a greater contribution of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and renin-angiotensin system (RAS). The kidneys of BPH/2J are hyper-innervated suggesting renal nerves may contribute to the hypertension. We therefore determined the effect of bilateral renal denervation (RD) on hypertension in BPH/2J. Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured by radiotelemetry before and for 3 weeks after RD in BPH/2J and BPN/3J. The effects of pentolinium and enalaprilat were examined to determine the contribution of the SNS and RAS, respectively. After 3 weeks, MAP was -10.9 ± 2.1 mmHg lower in RD BPH/2J compared to baseline and -2.1 ± 2.2 mmHg in sham BPH/2J (P < 0.001, n = 8-10). RD had no effect in BPN/3J (P > 0.1). The depressor response to pentolinium was greater in BPH/2J than BPN/3J, but in both cases the response in RD mice was similar to sham. Enalaprilat decreased MAP more in RD BPH/2J compared to sham (-12 vs -3 mmHg, P < 0.001) but had no effect in BPN/3J. RD reduced renal noradrenaline in both strains but more so in BPH/2J. RD reduced renin mRNA and protein, but not plasma renin in BPH/2J to levels comparable with BPN/3J mice. We conclude that renal nerves contribute to hypertension in BPH mice as RD induced a sustained fall in MAP, which was associated with a reduction of intrarenal renin expression. The lack of inhibition of the depressor effects of pentolinium and enalaprilat by RD suggests that vasoconstrictor effects of the SNS or RAS are not involved.
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Journal HYPERTENSION RESEARCH : OFFICIAL JOURNAL OF THE JAPANESE SOCIETY OF HYPERTENSION
ISSN 1348-4214
Pages 306-318
Volume 42
Type Journal Article
Published 01 Mar 2019
DOI 10.1038/s41440-018-0147-9