Within-visit SBP variability from childhood to adulthood and markers of cardiovascular end-organ damage in mid-life.

Yaxing Meng; Costan G Magnussen; Feitong Wu; Marie-Jeanne Buscot; Markus Juonala; Katja Pahkala; Nina Hutri-Kähönen; Mika Kähönen; Tomi Laitinen; Jorma S A Viikari; Olli T Raitakari; James E Sharman
Within-visit SBP variability is associated with age and SBP, but its long-term clinical significance is unknown. We examined the association between child, adult, and life-time within-visit SBP variability with markers of end-organ damage using data from a 31-year longitudinal study. Within-visit SBP variability was calculated as the standard deviation of three sitting SBP readings among up to 3010 participants aged 6-18 years (childhood) who were re-measured up to seven times to mid-adulthood. Markers of cardiovascular end-organ damage in adulthood were carotid intima--media thickness, brachial flow-mediated dilatation, carotid distensibility, pulse wave velocity, left ventricular mass index, carotid plaque, and coronary artery calcification. The mean (standard deviation) cumulative within-visit SBP variability was 2.7 (1.5) mmHg in childhood, 3.9 (1.9) mmHg in adulthood and 3.7 (1.5) mmHg across the observed life-time. Childhood within-visit SBP variability was not correlated with its subsequent values measured from 3 to 31 years later. With adjustment for age, sex, cumulative SBP, BMI and serum lipids, neither child, adult, or life-time cumulative within-visit SBP variability associated with markers of cardiovascular end-organ damage. However, higher child, adult, and life-time cumulative SBP significantly associated with higher carotid intima--media thickness, higher pulse wave velocity, lower brachial flow-mediated dilatation, lower carotid distensibility in adulthood. Within-visit SBP variability from childhood to adulthood does not provide additional predictive utility over SBP over the same period of the life course.
ISSN 1473-5598
Published 01 Sep 2021
Volume 39
Issue 9
Pages 1865-1875
DOI 10.1097/HJH.0000000000002855
Type Journal Article