Association between socioeconomic status and incident atrial fibrillation.
Satish Ramkumar; Ayame Ochi; Hong Yang; Nitesh Nerlekar; Nicholas D'Elia; Elizabeth L Potter; Isabella C Murray; Nishee Nattraj; Ying Wang; Thomas H Marwick
Low socioeconomic status is associated with cardiovascular diseases, and an association with atrial fibrillation (AF) could guide screening.To investigate if indices of advantage/disadvantage (IAD), index of education/occupation (IEO) and index of economic resources were associated with incident AF, independent of risk factors and cardiac function.We studied community-based participants aged ≥65 years with AF risk factors (n = 379, age 70 ± 4 years, 45% men). The CHARGE-AF score (a well validated AF risk score) was used to assess 5-year risk of developing AF. Participants also had baseline echocardiograms. IAD, IEO and index of economic resources were obtained from the 2011 Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas score, in which higher decile ranks indicate more advantaged areas. Patients were followed up for incident AF (median 21 (range 5-31) months), with AF diagnosed by clinical review, including 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), as well as single-lead portable ECG monitoring used to record 60 s ECG tracings five times/day for 1 week. Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the association between socioeconomic status and incident AF.Subjects with AF (n = 50, 13%) were more likely to be male (64 vs 42%, P = 0.003) and had higher CHARGE-AF score (median 7.1% (5.2-12.8%) vs 5.3% (3.3-8.6%), P < 0.001). Areas with lower socioeconomic status (IAD and IEO) had a higher risk of incident AF independent of LV function and CHARGE-AF score (hazard ratio for IAD 1.16, 95% confidence interval 1.05-1.29, P = 0.005 and hazard ratio for IEO 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.07-1.30, P = 0.001).Regional socioeconomic status is associated with risk of incident AF, independent of LV function and clinical risk. This association might permit better regional targeting of prevention.
|Journal||INTERNAL MEDICINE JOURNAL|
|Published||01 Oct 2019|